How to Fight Global Drug Addiction
How to Fight Global Drug Addiction
Our world faces a lot of global changes. The main ones include climate changes, cyber-attacks, terrorism and environmental problems. Another problem of international importance is illicit trafficking and drug abuse. Drug trafficking is related to corruption and transnational crime. Hence, drug abuse and illicit trafficking can affect the whole countries. Undermined public health, national security getting weaker and economic development under a threat are the results of these global problem. Besides, illicit drugs increase the crime rate and violence in the whole world.
Illegal drug cultivation and consumption are gradually destroying the world with their harmful effects. Awareness is one of the things that will help to break the back of the problem so international organizations try to increase it and fight drug addiction worldwide. June 26th is designated by the United Nations to be the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking. The U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs is actively contributing to solving the problem of drug trafficking involving the experts in the fight against drug-related crimes in foreign countries. INL does not ignore the problem of drug abuse either.
Numerous drug prevention programs are developed and implemented by INL all over the world. The services of such programs are offered to such underserved groups as women and children. The first protcol for treating children who deal with drug addiction was created after studying global child drug abuse by INL experts. These treatment documents are mostly aimed at such countries as India, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Brazil and Pakistan where drug problems are especially widely spread.
In Afghanistan here have been founded 76 drug prevention programs by INL during the last 7 years. Besides, the first national survey for ten drug types was conducted among the citizens of 24 provinces. There have been more than ten thousands of participants. It turned out that 31 percent of households in Afghanistan use addictive substances. Drugs derived from cannabis and poppy are the most popular among the citizens of the country. Adult drugs use causes the drug abuse among 9 percent children. National drug policy is strengthened by the efforts of Afghan government as a result of this survey.
In Brazil INL has helped the government to create the first instant rest kit which will help detect phenacetin. It is a toxic adulterant to crack or cocaine. The person taking them has a risk of having kidney failure, red blood cell depletion and a wide range of infections. The test kits help Brazilian government to save many lives detecting toxic substances in drugs.
As drug abuse is closely connected with criminal activity, INL puts efforts into making the demand for illicit drugs lower. World Health Organization and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime INL have worked together to help the pregnant women suffering from disorders connected with substance use.
The developed guidelines prepared the foundation for a new program focused of reducing newborn drug withdrawal rates.
UN World Drug Report shows that drug use has been stable. During the last few years more than 5 percent of the surveyed population have used an illicit drug once a year. The good thing is that the numbers don’t become bigger. Still, there are many challenges to face. Let’s focus on research and evidence-based practices that will help to implement effective treatment and drug prevention.
INL provides support for prevention and treatment programs and international organizations in preventing drug usage as long as geographical, religious and cultural factors are concerned. Also INL has contributed to development of an international society for prevention and treatment professionals worldwide. The main aims of this organization include encouraging of the new researches and sharing of the practices which can positively influence the achievement of the results. INL’s priority is improving of the qualification of the professionals so numerous examinations are conducted.
According to UN World Drug Report the drug use has not changed. 5 percent of participants of the survey have used drugs once a year in the last few years. The numbers reflecting drug use are not growing. However, there are many obstacles ahead. So let’s concentrate on research of the most efficient practices based on evidence that will lead to applying of the successful treatment and drug prevention.